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Heart Failure

Overview

Sometimes heart becomes so weak that it does not able to pump normal amount of oxygen and nutrient rich blood to various parts of the body. Such condition is referred as heart failure. People often misinterpret heart failure as condition in which heart has stopped working or about to stop functioning. The failure simply implies due to some reason the heart is not pumping blood in adequate manner. It is necessary to seek immediate treatment other the condition would result in death of an affected person. In the U.S., every year about 5 million people face the problem of heart failure. Some of the alternative names of the condition are cardiac failure, left-sided heart failure, CHF and right sided heart failure


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Causes

Heart failure is outcome of those conditions that result in damaging the heart muscle. Some of those causes are:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart attack
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Strain on the heart
  • Hypertension
  • Birth defects of heart
  • Disease of muscle of heart
  • Disease of valves of heart
  • Diabetes

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Signs & Symptoms

Heat failure does not show symptoms in early stages. It shows sever symptoms in later stages because weak becomes very weak. Some of the common symptoms of the condition are:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Edema
  • Fatigue
  • Increase in body weight
  • Extreme fatigue and weakness
  • Chronic cough
  • Impaired thinking
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Prevention

One of the best ways of preventing the condition of heart failure is eating healthy diet low in fat and remaining physically active


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Treatments
Open Heart Surgery Modern Medicine

Open Heart Surgery

Closed Heart Surgery (Adult) Modern Medicine

Surgery

Medications, changes in lifestyle Modern Medicine

Treating underlying cause of failure is one of the best ways of handling the situation.

The treatment of heart failure focuses on:

  • Reducing its symptoms
  • Slowing its progression
  • Addressing heart rhythm disturbances
  • Improving quality of life.

Depending upon the severity and type of heart failure, treatment is decided. Sometimes, the condition gets treated by combination of methods. The common ways of treating the condition are medicines that control high blood pressure, etc. and lifestyle changes, etc. Changes in lifestyle include eating healthy diet, doing regular exercise, keeping blood pressure low, etc. Surgical measures like heart transplantation are performed in extreme cases

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