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Any disorder of heart rate or rhythm. Arrhythmias include tachycardias (heartbeat too fast), bradycardias (heartbeat too slow) and "true" arrhythmias (disturbedrhythm). Arrhythmias are classified as lethal if they cause a severe decrease in the pumping function of the heart. When thepumping function is severely decreased for more than a few seconds, blood circulation is essentially stopped, and organ damage(such as ...
Acute Mi
A disorder in which damage to an area of heart muscle occurs because of an inadequate supply of oxygen to that area.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse is a heart problem in which the valve that separates the upper and lower chambers of the left side of the heart does not close properly. In this disorder the mitral heart valve does not close properly, causing blood to leak (back-flow) into the left atrium whenthe left ventricle contracts. Regurgitation (leaking from insufficient valve closure) is caused by ...
Unstable Angina
Unstable angina is a pain or discomfort in the chest or areas around it. It is caused by inadequate blood flow to the heart. This should be distinguished from stable angina, which is a heart attack, and non-cardiac chest pain. All these can be differentiated on the basis of their pattern, severity, and frequency of symptoms and the also level ...
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) is a condition of the heart where the heart beat doesn’t follow the set pattern. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is characterised by attacks of rapid heart rate (tachycardia), which is shown in an electrocardiogram (ECG). In some people the ECG abnormality may be present without any symptoms such as tachycardia. While, in a normal healthy heart, the electrical signals ...
Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a disorder that happens due to excessive intake of alcohol. When a person consumes alcohol in a greater quantity, then heart becomes enlarged and heart’s muscles becomes so weak that they are unable to pump blood effectively. In some sever cases, due to insufficient flow of blood in various parts of the body many tissues and organs ...
Aortic Arch Syndrome
It is a condition in which structural problem arises in the aortic arch (in arteries) due to which arch becomes inflamed. The problems of the condition are commonly associated with blood clots, trauma, etc that normally develop after birth. Due to the defect in the arteries, abnormal blood flow takes place in neck, arms, etc. It is a rare disease ...
Aortic Dissection
Aortic dissection is a condition in which tear develops in the inner layer of the aorta and bleeding takes place into and along its wall. Aorta is an artery that carries blood out of the heart. Due to blood surging, inner and middle layer of the wall gets separated. Type A and Type B are two groups of aortic dissection. ...
Aortic Insufficiency
Aortic insufficiency is a disease in which aortic valves of the heart become weak and balloon, and thus preventing the valves from closing strongly. Due to this, backward flow of blood takes place from the aorta to the ventricle. Aorta is considered as the largest blood vessel in the body and ventricle is the left and lower chamber of the ...
Aortic Stenosis
Aortic stenosis is a condition in which the aorta valve (main artery of the heart) prevents supplying blood to the heart. Due to this, the normal functioning of the heart gets hampered.  The condition normally affects those people who are below the age of 70 years. Aortic stenosis is a condition that can develop in the later stages of life ...
Arterial Embolism
Some patients have certain heart valve problems or heart irregularities in which blood clots are formed either in the heart valve or in the heart. These blood clots once formed thrown in the rest of the body parts. Arterial embolism occur when any of these “thrown” blood clots travel from the originated point of the clot (thrombus) and lodges in ...
Arterial Insufficiency
Arterial insufficiency is a condition in which lack of blood flows through arteries. The condition used to affect various parts of the body.
Arteriosclerosis Of The Extremities
Arteriosclerosis of the extremities is the outcome of hardening of the arteries that supply blood of the legs and feet. Due to narrowing of the arteries, the vessels do not open properly and become less elastic. Calcium starts depositing in the arteries’ walls, thereby contributing towards further narrowing and stiffness of the arteries.
Atherosclerosis, as the name suggests, is a disease of arteries. It is becoming an increasing cause of heart attacks and other heart diseases globally. The strokes caused by it are potentially fatal if not treated in time. The plaque is built with age and sticks to the arterial walls. The plaque mainly consists of cholesterols, calcium and other cellular wastes. ...
Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter
Atrial fibrillation/flutter is a disorder of heart rhythm that occurs in the heart atria. It is a condition that involves rapid heart rate and that is not regular also. The condition affects both women and men, but more common in older people and as the age progress, the disorder becomes more severe
Atrial Myxoma; Left
Atrial myxoma left is the tumor (begnin) located in the left upper chamber of the heart.. Approximately 75% of myxoma occurs in the left side of the heart (atrium).
Atrial Myxoma; Right
Atrial myxoma is a condition of benign tumor, which is found in either upper right side of the heart. The tumor grows on the atrial septum wall, which separates 2 sides of the heart. Myxoma is considered as most common type of rare tumors. Approximately 75% of myxoma occurs in the left side of the heart (atrium) and rest occurs ...
Atrial Septal Defect
Atrial septal defect is a kind of congenital heart defect. In the condition, abnormal opening takes place that results in separating upper heart chambers, also known as atria. The condition shows no complications and can be treated successfully. The condition can affect children as well as adults. However, an undeniable fact is the condition is more common in girls as ...
Cardiac Tamponade
Cardiac Tamponade is an emergency medical condition where the fluid accumulates in the pericardium. The excess fluid prevents the heart's ventricle from filling properly. This may lead to low stroke volume which will ultimately lead to ineffective pumping of the blood and shock and death. All these happen due to the compression of the heart. Often blood is filled into ...
Cardiogenic Shock
Cardiogenic shock is an emergency medical condition where the blood circulation is inadequate due to the primary failure of the ventricles of the heart. This is a condition of numerous category of shock. Under it insufficient perfusion of tissues of the heart fails to meet the required demand of oxygen and nutrients of heart. This may eventually lead to cell ...

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