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Atrial Myxoma; Right

Overview

Atrial myxoma is a condition of benign tumor, which is found in either upper right side of the heart. The tumor grows on the atrial septum wall, which separates 2 sides of the heart. Myxoma is considered as most common type of rare tumors. Approximately 75% of myxoma occurs in the left side of the heart (atrium) and rest occurs at right atrium. The condition is common in women.


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Causes

A myxoma is cardiac tumor that started within the heart. Although, most of the tumor starts with the somewhere else, primary heart tumors are rare and start from the heart only. The condition runs in families and such tumors are known as familial myxoma.


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Signs & Symptoms

The symptoms of atrial myxoma can occur anytime. Some of the common symptoms are:

  • Difficulty in Breathing while lying asleep or lying flat
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath while performing activity
  • Palpitations
  • Fever, cough
  • Joint pain
  • Swelling in body parts
  • General discomfort
  • Skin colour changes to blue
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Prevention

The condition cannot be prevented.


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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

The tumor is removed surgically. In some cases, mitral valve gets replaced. The valve gets replaced during surgery. It can happen that myxoma may come back if all the tumor cells are not removed in the surgery.

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