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Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter

Overview

Atrial fibrillation/flutter is a disorder of heart rhythm that occurs in the heart atria. It is a condition that involves rapid heart rate and that is not regular also. The condition affects both women and men, but more common in older people and as the age progress, the disorder becomes more severe


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Causes

Some of the main causes of condition are:

  • Medications
  • Valvular heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart surgery
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Alcohol use
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Pericarditis

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Signs & Symptoms

It happens in the condition that a person heart starts beating in abnormal pattern, but person does not recognise it. The common symptoms are:

  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • Regular pulse or irregular pulse
  • Either rapid or too slow pulse rate
  • Dizziness

The symptoms may stop or begin suddenly.

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Prevention

The only way of preventing the condition is avoid binge drinking


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Sometimes, emergency treatment is performed in order to get heart back into normal rhythm. The emergency treatment comprises of electrical cardioversion or drugs like amiodarone, ibutilide, etc. intravenously. If medications are taken by mouth, then it should be performed in two different manners:

  • For keeping the irregular heartbeat at slow pace, medications like beta-blockers, digitalis and calcium channel blockers are given.

It is important to disclose that medications can show some side effects in some people.

Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure also performed in order to destroy areas of the heart that are causing heart rhythm problems. Cardiac ablation procedure is also performed if the condition becomes life-threatening and does not improve by taking medications also

Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Sometimes, emergency treatment is performed in order to get heart back into normal rhythm. The emergency treatment comprises of electrical cardioversion or drugs like amiodarone, ibutilide, etc. intravenously. If medications are taken by mouth, then it should be performed in two different manners:

  • For keeping the irregular heartbeat at slow pace, medications like beta-blockers, digitalis and calcium channel blockers are given.

It is important to disclose that medications can show some side effects in some people.

Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure also performed in order to destroy areas of the heart that are causing heart rhythm problems. Cardiac ablation procedure is also performed if the condition becomes life-threatening and does not improve by taking medications also

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