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Arteriosclerosis Of The Extremities

Overview

Arteriosclerosis of the extremities is the outcome of hardening of the arteries that supply blood of the legs and feet. Due to narrowing of the arteries, the vessels do not open properly and become less elastic. Calcium starts depositing in the arteries’ walls, thereby contributing towards further narrowing and stiffness of the arteries.


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Causes

Commonly, it has been observed that the symptoms are experienced in one limb only. However, if Arteriosclerosis of the extremities is experienced in both the limbs, then different kinds of itensity are experienced in both the limbs. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Cold legs or feet
  • Changes in legs’ color
  • Numbness of the feet
  • Walking abnormalities
  • Loss of hair on the feet and the legs
  • Blueness or paleness of the feet.
  • Weak pulse in the limb

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Signs & Symptoms

Commonly, it has been observed that the symptoms are experienced in one limb only. However, if Arteriosclerosis of the extremities is experienced in both the limbs, then different kinds of itensity are experienced in both the limbs. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Cold legs or feet
  • Changes in legs’ color
  • Numbness of the feet
  • Walking abnormalities
  • Loss of hair on the feet and the legs
  • Blueness or paleness of the feet.
  • Weak pulse in the limb
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Prevention

Precautions should be taken to control some risk factors of Arteriosclerosis of the extremities like high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, etc. 


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Treatment taken of Arteriosclerosis helps in improving circulation and relieving symptoms. Medications are given to control the situation. Medications include:

  • Pain relievers
  • Blood thinners
  • Medicines to dilate the affected arteries
Surgery Modern Medicine

Surgeries like grafting, endarterectomy, bypass, etc are only performed for treating severe cases. In the severe cases, persons become incapable of working or doing essential day-to-day activities. In rare cases, limbs are removed (amputation) to control the situation. Balloon angioplasty is considered as an alternative of the surgery.

Self-Care Modern Medicine

Taking self-care at home plays an important role in treating Arteriosclerosis of the extremities. Self-care includes:

  • Eat low-fat and low-cholesterol diet.
  • Foot care is the most important if you have diabetes. Pay special attention towards any scrapes, injuries, cuts, etc.
  • Avoid smoking as it tightens arteries and thereby decreases blood’s ability to carry oxygen. And when less oxygen is carried then chances of forming the blood clots become high.
  • Remain physically active. And do not forget to take adequate rest in between the exercises.
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