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Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

Overview

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a disorder that happens due to excessive intake of alcohol. When a person consumes alcohol in a greater quantity, then heart becomes enlarged and heart’s muscles becomes so weak that they are unable to pump blood effectively. In some sever cases, due to insufficient flow of blood in various parts of the body many tissues and organs get damaged. As compared to females, the disorder is more prevalent in males, especially in between the age group of 35-50 years. Cardiomyopathy-alcoholic is an alternative name of the disease.


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Causes

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caused due to excessive intake of alcohol. Drinking alcohol in higher quantities leaves toxic affect on the heart that finally leads to heart failure. In the U.S., 7 and 14 drinks are considered as maximum amount of alcohol consumption by a woman and man in a week as recommended by health experts.


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Signs & Symptoms

Usually, a person experiences symptoms at the advanced stage only. And at that point also, symptoms are experienced due to heart failure. Symptoms that are experienced include:

  • Cough containing frothy, mucus or pink material
  • Decreased concentration
  • Swellings in leg, ankle and feet
  • Weakness, fatigue
  • Rapid or irregular pulse
  • Loss of appetite
  • Shortness of breath while lying down
  • Palpitations
  • Decreased urine output

It is important to disclose that above assorted are only some of the symptoms of the condition.

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Prevention

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is the outcome of excessive alcoholic intake. So, by limiting its intake in early age only, the disorder can be prevented. Eating healthy and nutritious diet, following regular exercise regimen, avoiding smoking, etc are other ways of preventing the condition.


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Treatments
Lifestyle changes Modern Medicine

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy disorder can be treated easily by making some changes in the lifestyle. Low-salt intake, restricting amount of liquid intake, etc are some of the measures that are recommended to the sufferer by health experts. A

Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Acute cases of heart failure should be treated with diuretics, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, etc. Some of the severe cases of weakened heart pumping and congestive heart failure are treated with implantable defibrillator (ICD).

Surgical Modern Medicine

Pacemaker is also inserted inside the human body to enhance the life span of a person. In those cases where cardiomyopathy is not reversible, there heart transplant is recommended by the health experts.

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